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By Executive Order 9981 (NAID 300009), dated July 26, 1948, President Harry S Truman ordered the integration of the armed forces of the United States. Given the stationing of large numbers of American forces overseas after World War II, that move potentially had ramifications for U.S. relations with host countries. With that in mind, on […]
Posted by David Langbart on September 3, 2015, under Civil Records, History, Reference.
The recent announcement that the United States and Cuba will establish embassies in each other’s capitals signifies the beginning of a second era of formal relations between the two countries. The first era lasted from 1902, when the U.S. sent its first diplomatic representative to independent Cuba, until January 1961, when the U.S. terminated diplomatic […]
June 18, 2015. The bicentennial of the battle of Waterloo, one of the most important events in early nineteenth century European history. At that battle, an Anglo-Allied army commanded by the Duke of Wellington combined with a Prussian army under the command of Gebhard Blucher and defeated the French army commanded by Napoleon. The battle […]
Posted by David Langbart on June 18, 2015, under History, Reference.
Scholars and others use the series Foreign Relations of the United States (FRUS), the official documentary publication of American foreign policy, and other printed primary sources, as sources of easily-accessible documentation. Strict reliance upon published documents, however, can lead one astray if the point you are trying to draw is not the same as that […]
Posted by David Langbart on June 10, 2015, under Civil Records, Reference, The Process.
Airplanes filled the sky over Normandy, France, on June 6, 1944. D-Day. Some planes dropped bombs; some planes towed gliders; some planes dropped paratroopers; some planes dropped . . . paper. Paper in the form of propaganda leaflets. The propaganda was aimed both at the French and at the Germans. Two days after D-Day, William […]
9-11 Adolf Hitler Alan Walker Alfie Paul American Red Cross Civil War Cody White David Langbart deck logs Department of State District of Columbia DOJ donated materials Dwight D. Eisenhower FBI Foreign Service Posts Franklin D. Roosevelt Greg Bradsher looted art M. Marie Maxwell MFA&A Monique Politowski Monuments Men National Archives at Denver Onaona Guay OSS RG 59 RG 60 RG 84 RG 165 RG 239 RG 242 RG 260 RG 286 RG 306 RG 331 RG 469 Roberts Commission Sylvia Naylor U.S. Army U.S. Marshals U.S. Navy War Department World War I World War II