Today’s post is from Jim Worsham, editor of Prologue magazine, the quarterly of the National Archives.
Was Dwight D. Eisenhower—the architect of the allied victory over the Nazis in World War II and our President during the peaceful 1950s—a secret New Dealer?
Eisenhower, elected President as a Republican in 1952, brought in with him a Republican-controlled Congress. The GOP lawmakers were eager to dismantle the social welfare programs that were started and became embedded in government during the 20 years of Franklin D. Roosevelt’s and Harry S. Truman’s presidencies.
In fact, President Eisenhower affirmed programs of Roosevelt’s New Deal.
Eisenhower’s position on FDR’s legacy is revealed in “Eisenhower, the Frontier, and the New Deal: Ike Considers America’s Frontier Gone, Embraces, Adds to FDR’s Legacy” an article in the Fall issue of Prologue magazine, the flagship publication of the National Archives.
Author Tim Rives draws much of this story from exchanges of letters between President Eisenhower and then-retired Brig. Gen. Bradford G. Chynoweth, a long-time friend.
Eisenhower had known Chynoweth since they were junior officers in Panama after World War I. “Ike” and “Chyn,” as they called each other, spent many an hour debating the state of the nation and the direction it ought to take.
Decades later, Eisenhower had moved into the White House … [ Read all ]
Today’s post comes from Ben Jordi, Public Affairs Specialist in Strategy and Communications, at the National Archives in College Park, MD.
Growing up, Clifton Truman Daniel never talked to his grandfather, Harry S. Truman, about his role in the war or the atomic bombings. “Our family met like any other family: on long weekends and holidays like Christmas and Thanksgiving. And you were always careful about showing an interest in history or Grandpa would be sure to give you a lengthy history lesson,” says Daniel of his grandfather.
The Truman Presidential Library is filled with history lessons. One such lesson revolves around the atomic bombings of the Japanese cities of Hiroshima and Nagasaki. On August 6, 1945, the United States dropped an atomic bomb over the Japanese city of Hiroshima and three days later, on August 9th, another atomic bomb was dropped on the city of Nagasaki. The aftermath of the bombings left nearly a quarter of a million people dead. Survivors of the bombings were called hibakusha; literally translated as “explosion-affected people.”
When Daniel’s son Wesley was 10, his social studies teacher, Rosemary Barilla, did a series of lessons centered on the children’s book Sadako … [ Read all ]
Posted by Hilary on November 23, 2015, under - World War II, News and Events, Unusual documents.
Tags: 9/11 memorial, atomic bombings, Harry S. Truman, hibakusha, Hiroshima, Nagasaki, origami, paper cranes, Sadako and the Thousand Paper Cranes, Sadako Sasaki, Truman Library
The Refugee Act of 1980 is now on temporary display in the West Gallery of the National Archives Building.
At the end of the Vietnam War, hundreds of thousands of Vietnamese and Cambodians fled political chaos and physical danger in their homelands. Between 1975 and 1979, some 300,000 of these refugees were admitted to the United States through Presidential action. The law at the time restricted refugee admissions, and many members of Congress wanted to establish a more regular system of immigration and resettlement.
The Refugee Act of 1980 raised the annual ceiling for refugees to 50,000, created a process for reviewing and adjusting the refugee ceiling to meet emergencies, and required annual consultation between Congress and the President. The law changed the definition of “refugee” to a person with a “well-founded fear of persecution,” a standard established by United Nations conventions and protocols. It also funded a new Office of U.S. Coordinator for Refugee Affairs and an Office of Refugee Resettlement and built on already existing public-private partnerships that helped refugees settle and adjust to … [ Read all ]
October 10 is Electronic Records Day, and October is American Archives Month! We’re celebrating the work of archivists and the importance of archives with a series of blog posts about the Presidential libraries. The records created by Presidents while in office will become part of the National Archives, and eventually will be used by researchers. Here’s how it happens!
Today’s post comes from John Laster, Director of the Presidential Materials Division at the National Archives.
It is American Archives Month! This is an opportunity to celebrate our profession—all that we have accomplished and the exciting challenges that await us in the future. For me, there is nothing more exciting—or daunting—than the challenges that digital records pose for archivists.
As the Director of the Presidential Materials Division, I see firsthand the issues playing out when born-digital Presidential records are transferred every four or eight years and then again through the following steps of the lifecycle as these records are searched, reviewed, and made available.
Digital records are nothing new, but with each passing year they become more prevalent and intertwined in our professional lives. With Presidential records, we have gone from receiving basic email created by the Reagan administration to preparing to accept a wide range of information from social media sites used by President … [ Read all ]
Work can be stressful, especially when you’re the Commander in Chief. Each President has sought a place to relax from the rigors of the White House. George Washington escaped to Mount Vernon, and for the next two weeks the Obama family is vacationing on Martha’s Vineyard.
This summer, we invite you to explore Presidential vacations!
The Presidential Libraries have film footage, photos, letters, schedules, artifacts, and much more that provide a fascinating view into POTUS vacations. You can choose your own adventure on Instagram and chat with us on Twitter.
On Wednesday, August 19, join us for a #POTUSvacation Twitter chat! Presidential Library archivists and curators will be on hand to answer your questions and share stories from:
- Presidential Pastimes (11 am) What did Presidents do to relax and unwind? We’ll talk fishing, sailing, sunbathing, and more!
- Family Retreats (2 pm) Where did Presidents gather with their families to rest and have fun? We’ll chat about life at the beach and on the ranch.
- John F. Kennedy Presidential Library @JFKLibrary
- George H. W. Bush Presidential Library @Bush41Library
We’ll also be joined by:
- The Miller Center’s Presidential Studies @POTUStudies
- Mount Vernon @GWBooks
- President Lincoln’s Cottage @LincolnsCottage
- The Smithsonian’s National Museum of