Today’s post was written by Damani Davis, reference archivist at the National Archives in Washington, DC.
On March 3, 2015, the National Archives will commemorate the 150th anniversary of the Freedman’s Savings & Trust Company, better known as the “Freedman’s Bank.”
The founding of the Freedman’s Bank was spearheaded by John W. Alvord, a Congregationalist minister and abolitionist originally from New England, who served as a chaplain accompanying Gen.William Tecumseh Sherman’s troops during their march through Georgia. During his time in Georgia, Alvord observed the destitute conditions of the former slaves and also noted a pressing need for greater financial literacy and some type of savings bank to serve the black soldiers of the U.S. Colored Troops.
To address this need, Alvord later went to New York, where he met with philanthropists and leading businessmen to plan a “benevolent banking institution that would provide black soldiers with a secure place to save their money and at the same time encourage the values of thrift and industry in the newly freed African-American community.” John W. Alvord and the founding trustees succeeded in getting a charter for incorporation … [ Read all ]
What a year! Here’s some of the highlights of the last 12 months of the National Archives that we shared on our blog. Thanks for reading in 2014–we’ll see you in 2015 with more pieces of history!
The National Archives turned 80
- The Historian of the National Archives, Jessie Kratz, shared the stories of an agency devoted to saving the stories of the United States. She wrote about the creation of the building, what our website looked like 20 years ago, and looked at the scary conditions that records were kept in before the creation of the National Archives. We also learned about the staff who first worked here, and archivist Alan Walker solved the mystery of the acetate foil lady.
We The Poets
- For American Archives Month, the National Archives teamed up with the Academy of American Poets. We published original poems inspired by the holdings of the National Archives. Poets looked at documents and photographs and then wrote on a wide range of topics, from “A Carpapalooza: An American Anthem” to “Much Tattooed Sailor Aboard USS New Jersey.” You can watch the all poets recite their work on our YouTube
Today’s post comes from Ashley Mattingly, an archivist at the National Archives in St. Louis.
The year was 1943, and Elizabeth “Betty” Maxine Chambers was a young mother and a widow. Betty’s husband, Army pilot Lt. Robert William Chambers, had died in 1942 when his P-38F Lightening aircraft crashed at Mills Field in San Mateo, California. Undaunted, Betty applied to be among the first female pilots in the newly formed Women Airforce Service Pilots (WASP) program.
A native of Hollywood, California, Betty worked for the Walt Disney Company inking cartoon celluloid cells and for Universal Studios inking cells for “picture process work.” After the death of her husband, Betty and her baby moved in with her parents; she also acquired a more stable job as a telephone operator at Southern California Telephone Company.
Betty wanted more. Like more than 1,000 other women, she took to the skies to find it.
Betty and her comrades applied to an innovative civilian program designed to employ women to ferry wartime aircraft, serve as flight instructors, tow targets for live antiaircraft practice, transport cargo, and fly experimental aircraft. These female pilots relieved men from domestic duties so they could fight overseas in the war.
The WASP program … [ Read all ]
Alan Walker, an archivist in the Textual Processing unit in the National Archives at College Park, MD, just solved a mystery that staff have wondered about for many years.
Mark down this auspicious date, for I shall reveal to you the identity of this longtime mystery woman. You’ve probably seen this photo many a time on the National Archives’s social media; it’s a great image of one of our forebears having rollicking fun with some acetate laminating foil.
Jackie Martin, a photographer with International News Photos, was at the Archives Building in 1946 to shoot photos for a planned story about the National Archives. I imagine she wanted to liven things up a bit, and the idea for draping our mystery woman in laminating foil arose from that. The original negatives for all of these photos are in her papers at Syracuse University.
But until now, we have not known the name of our foil-bedecked lady. So how did I solve the mystery?
Well, I was looking through more of the 64-NA photos that recently uploaded into the new National Archives Catalog, and I found this image.
Then I recalled seeing her … [ Read all ]
Tim Gunn will be at the National Archives on December 11, hosting “Deck the Halls: Holidays at the White House.” Join us in person or watch live on our YouTube channel. Details at the bottom of this blog post!
It was 40 years before his famous catchphrase, but Tim Gunn knew he needed to “make it work” if he wanted to get the Christmas tree decorated in time at the White House.
The future Project Runway star had recently begun teaching three-dimensional design at the Corcoran School of Art in Washington, DC, when the call came in. The White House was asking for students to make original ornaments for the tree in the Blue Room.
But just like a challenge on Project Runway, there was a catch: they had one week.
In Gunn’s Golden Rules: Life’s Little Lessons for Making It Work, Gunn recalled that they were excited to have the opportunity—and intensely curious about how the White House had come to be in this situation. “We heard a rumor,” he wrote, “that the Jimmy Carter White House perceived the work of this original ornament maker to be “inappropriate,” and we had a wonderful time trying to imagine what in the world those ornaments had looked like.”
His second-year students … [ Read all ]
Posted by Hilary on December 4, 2014, under - Presidents, The 1970s.
Tags: Blue Room, Christmas, Christmas tree, holiday tradition, Jimmy Carter, Make It Work, Project Runway, Rosalynn Carter, Tim Gunn, White House