The first Senate Journal is on display from April 1 to April 16, 2014, in the East Rotunda Gallery of the National Archives Building. Today’s post comes from Martha Grove, archivist in the Center for Legislative Archives in the National Archives.
“Each House shall keep a Journal of its Proceedings, and from time to time publish the same . . .” U.S. Constitution, Article I, Section 5
This year marks the 225th anniversary of the First Congress. On March 4, 1789, the Congress of the United States met for the first time. It was arguably the most important Congress in U.S. history. To this new legislature fell the responsibility of passing laws needed to implement a brand new system of government, defining the rules and procedures of the House and Senate, and establishing the precedents that set constitutional government in motion.
The First Congress opened on March 4, 1789, in New York City. However, when the Representatives and Senators gathered that day, not enough members of either body were present to constitute a quorum. Elected members were delayed by bad roads and harsh weather. Some states had not yet held elections, while others had not yet determined the winning candidates when the First Congress convened. The House finally reached a … [ Read all ]
Throughout the month of April, the Lyndon B. Johnson Presidential Library will be exhibiting four cornerstone documents of civil rights. The “Cornerstones of Civil Rights” exhibit will run from April 1 through 30.
The exhibit will feature two documents signed by President Abraham Lincoln: an authorized, printed edition of the Emancipation Proclamation; and a copy of the Senate resolution proposing the 13th Amendment, which ended slavery.
It will also include two documents signed by President Lyndon B. Johnson: the Civil Rights Act of 1964, and the Voting Rights Act of 1965. These are the four “cornerstone” documents on which modern civil rights legislation is enacted.
The exhibit links Lincoln and Johnson as two great civil rights champions in the nation’s history. Their conviction, commitment, and force of will to secure equal rights for all fundamentally changed American society.
In the exhibit are two hats owned and worn by the two Presidents—a Resistol beaver cowboy hat that accentuated Johnson’s Texas roots, and one of Lincoln’s famous stovepipe hats.
Posted by Hilary on March 31, 2014, under - Civil Rights, - Civil War, - Presidents, Abraham Lincoln, National Archives Near You, News and Events.
Tags: abraham lincoln, Barack Obama, Bill Clinton, civil rights, George W. Bush, Jimmy Carter, Johnson Presidential Library, LBJ, University of Texas at Austin
Happy Women’s History Month! Today’s blog post comes from Kristina Jarosik, education specialist at the National Archives at Chicago.
Recently, two powerful women in the Silicon Valley, (Sheryl Sandberg of Facebook and author of Lean In: Women Work and the Will to Lead and Marissa Meyer, CEO of Yahoo) provided the media and the public the opportunity to re-examine the role of women in the workplace. These exchanges, the dawn of Women’s History Month, and the 50th anniversary of the 1964 Civil Rights Act encouraged us to step back “historically” and to look in our stacks for stories of women fighting for equality in the workplace through the federal courts.
We discovered several cases. Alice Peurala’s is one.
As a single parent working night shifts at U.S. Steel’s South Works in southeast Chicago in the 1950s, Alice Peurala wanted a day job. She heard that product testers in the Metallurgical Division had this appealing schedule. But these positions were not posted, as others were, for bidding.
In 1967 (after the passage of the 1964 Civil Rights Act), a male colleague that Alice had trained was moved up to be a product tester after only four years. Just before he started, she called the hiring director and inquired about being considered for one of these jobs. His response, “No, we don’t want any women on these jobs.”… [ Read all ]
Posted by Hilary on March 26, 2014, under - Civil Rights, - The 1960s, - Women's Rights, Letters in the National Archives, National Archives Near You, Uncategorized.
Tags: civil rights, Civil Rights Act, discrimination, EEO, Union, United Steelworkers of America, women's history
Join us on Thursday, April 3, from 9:30 to 4 pm at the National Archives Building in Washington, DC for an all-day Archives Fair! Enter through the Special Events Entrance on 7th St. and Constitution Ave. The DC Caucus of MARAC and the National Archives Assembly are co-hosting this all-day Archives Fair. Archives-related groups and will be using the area outside the McGowan Theater as an exhibit hall.
You can watch our panel discussion online.
8:30-9:30 a.m. Coffee Hour & Exhibit Hall
9:30-10 a.m. Welcome and Introduction by the Archivist of the United States
10:00-11:30 a.m. Panel Discussion: Crowdsourcing for Enhanced Archival Access
- Elissa Frankle, moderator (US Holocaust Memorial Museum)
- Helena Zinkham (Library of Congress)
- Ching-Hsien Wang (Smithsonian)
- Meredith Stewart (National Archives)
11:30-1 p.m. Lunch & Exhibit Hall
1-2:30 p.m. Panel Discussion: Monuments Men Archives
- Barbara Aikens (Smithsonian)
- Dr. Greg Bradsher (National Archives)
- Maygene Daniels (National Gallery of Art Archives)
2:30-2:45 p.m. Break and Exhibit Hall
2:45-3:15 p.m. National Archival Authorities Cooperative (NAAC)
- John Martinez (National Archives)
- Jerry Simmons (National Archives)
3:15-3:45 p.m. Donations Partnership Database
- Dawn Sherman-Falls (National Archives)
- Meg Ryan Guthorn (National Archives)
3:45-4 p.m. Closing Remarks and Exhibit Hall
Today’s post comes from Jessie Kratz, Historian of the National Archives.
March 12, 2014, marks the 25th anniversary of the World Wide Web. For most of that time, the National Archives has had some online presence. In 1994, the National Archives started a pilot project to make information about the agency available electronically. The project used the “Gopher protocol” (a predecessor to the World Wide Web).
Through the agency’s gopher “CLIO”—in Greek mythology, Clio was the muse of history—users could access descriptions of National Archives facilities nationwide, information on agency holdings, publications and general information leaflets, and some Federal records regulations. Text-based information was accessed at gopher.nara.gov; the original web address was www.nara.gov. The NARA in the web address comes from the full name of the agency: the National Archives and Records Administration (NARA).
The “NAIL Database” was the NARA Archival Information Locator—the first online catalog prototype of the National Archives. In NAIL, online researchers could find collection descriptions and a limited number of digital images.
In 1999, nara.gov underwent its first redesign. Among its notable features were direct links to the Presidential Libraries, the Federal Register, and the “Research Room”—the main entry point for researchers. A new search engine was also installed in 1999 to help users find what they needed in the online offerings.