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Today’s blog post comes from curator Alice Kamps. This featured document will be on display from May 9 to May 21.
On May 9, 1914, President Woodrow Wilson issued a proclamation declaring the second Sunday in May a holiday for the “public expression of love and reverence for the mothers of our country.”
To commemorate the centennial of the first national observance of Mother’s Day, this exhibit at the National Archives displays just one of hundreds of thousands of letters written by mothers seeking advice from the Children’s Bureau, a Federal Government office established in 1912 to promote the well-being of mothers and their children.
Even 100 years ago, these letter writers wondered: Is it possible to balance the demands of work and motherhood?
With three children under the age of four, and without “conveniences and modern utilities,” Mrs. Neil Williams was at the end of her rope. If anyone could help her, surely it was Julia Lathrop, Director of the Children’s Bureau.
In heartfelt language, Mrs. Williams wrote to Ms. Lathrop in 1920 to ask how to manage “all these scientific and hygienic duties for babies,” keep up with housework, and love and nurture her children. “I love them until it hurts,” she explained, “and know that, when they are out of their babyhood, I can never forgive myself for not making more … [ Read all ]
Take your family to the Constitution-in-Action Family Learning Lab this spring or summer!
Families are invited to take on the role of researchers and archivists for a day. During a two–hour simulation, they will help the President and Bob, his Communications Director, prepare for a special press conference. Families will work together to locate and analyze facsimile documents and find the connection each document has to the Constitution.
This is a great way to explore American history, learn more about the National Archives, and gain a greater understanding of the role the Constitution plays in our daily lives.
Dates and Times:
Tuesday, April 15 at 10:00-12:00 and 2:00-4:00
Thursday, July 10 at 10:00-12:00 and 2:00-4:00
Wednesday, July 23 at 10:00-12:00 and 2:00-4:00
Tuesday, July 29 at 10:00-12:00 and 2:00-4:00
To register please go to http://www.archivesfoundation.org/event/constitution-action-learning-lab-family-program/… [ Read all ]
Happy Women’s History Month! Today’s blog post comes from Kristina Jarosik, education specialist at the National Archives at Chicago.
Recently, two powerful women in the Silicon Valley, (Sheryl Sandberg of Facebook and author of Lean In: Women Work and the Will to Lead and Marissa Meyer, CEO of Yahoo) provided the media and the public the opportunity to re-examine the role of women in the workplace. These exchanges, the dawn of Women’s History Month, and the 50th anniversary of the 1964 Civil Rights Act encouraged us to step back “historically” and to look in our stacks for stories of women fighting for equality in the workplace through the federal courts.
We discovered several cases. Alice Peurala’s is one.
As a single parent working night shifts at U.S. Steel’s South Works in southeast Chicago in the 1950s, Alice Peurala wanted a day job. She heard that product testers in the Metallurgical Division had this appealing schedule. But these positions were not posted, as others were, for bidding.
In 1967 (after the passage of the 1964 Civil Rights Act), a male colleague that Alice had trained was moved up to be a product tester after only four years. Just before he started, she called the hiring director and inquired about being considered for one of these jobs. His response, “No, we don’t want any women on these jobs.”… [ Read all ]
Posted by Hilary on March 26, 2014, under - Civil Rights, - The 1960s, - Women's Rights, Letters in the National Archives, National Archives Near You, Uncategorized.
Tags: civil rights, Civil Rights Act, discrimination, EEO, Union, United Steelworkers of America, women's history
Join us on Thursday, April 3, from 9:30 to 4 pm at the National Archives Building in Washington, DC for an all-day Archives Fair! Enter through the Special Events Entrance on 7th St. and Constitution Ave. The DC Caucus of MARAC and the National Archives Assembly are co-hosting this all-day Archives Fair. Archives-related groups and will be using the area outside the McGowan Theater as an exhibit hall.
You can watch our panel discussion online.
8:30-9:30 a.m. Coffee Hour & Exhibit Hall
9:30-10 a.m. Welcome and Introduction by the Archivist of the United States
10:00-11:30 a.m. Panel Discussion: Crowdsourcing for Enhanced Archival Access
- Elissa Frankle, moderator (US Holocaust Memorial Museum)
- Helena Zinkham (Library of Congress)
- Ching-Hsien Wang (Smithsonian)
- Meredith Stewart (National Archives)
11:30-1 p.m. Lunch & Exhibit Hall
1-2:30 p.m. Panel Discussion: Monuments Men Archives
- Barbara Aikens (Smithsonian)
- Dr. Greg Bradsher (National Archives)
- Maygene Daniels (National Gallery of Art Archives)
2:30-2:45 p.m. Break and Exhibit Hall
2:45-3:15 p.m. National Archival Authorities Cooperative (NAAC)
- John Martinez (National Archives)
- Jerry Simmons (National Archives)
3:15-3:45 p.m. Donations Partnership Database
- Dawn Sherman-Falls (National Archives)
- Meg Ryan Guthorn (National Archives)
3:45-4 p.m. Closing Remarks and Exhibit Hall
Today’s post comes from Jessie Kratz, Historian of the National Archives.
March 12, 2014, marks the 25th anniversary of the World Wide Web. For most of that time, the National Archives has had some online presence. In 1994, the National Archives started a pilot project to make information about the agency available electronically. The project used the “Gopher protocol” (a predecessor to the World Wide Web).
Through the agency’s gopher “CLIO”—in Greek mythology, Clio was the muse of history—users could access descriptions of National Archives facilities nationwide, information on agency holdings, publications and general information leaflets, and some Federal records regulations. Text-based information was accessed at gopher.nara.gov; the original web address was www.nara.gov. The NARA in the web address comes from the full name of the agency: the National Archives and Records Administration (NARA).
The “NAIL Database” was the NARA Archival Information Locator—the first online catalog prototype of the National Archives. In NAIL, online researchers could find collection descriptions and a limited number of digital images.
In 1999, nara.gov underwent its first redesign. Among its notable features were direct links to the Presidential Libraries, the Federal Register, and the “Research Room”—the main entry point for researchers. A new search engine was also installed in 1999 to help users find what they needed in the online offerings.