Archive for '- Presidents'
October is American Archives Month! We’re celebrating the work of archivists and the importance of archives with a series of blog posts about the Presidential libraries. The records created by Presidents while in office will become part of the National Archives, and eventually will be used by researchers. Here’s how it happens!
Today’s post comes from Meagan Frenzer, graduate research intern for the National Archives History Office in Washington, DC.
The Franklin D. Roosevelt Library, located in Hyde Park, NY, was conceived and designed by President Roosevelt while he was still in office.
The library holds the President’s personal and family papers, the papers covering his public career at the state and national level, Eleanor Roosevelt’s papers, as well as those of many of their friends and associates.
Before President Roosevelt’s administration, records of the Presidents were considered private property, which they took with them upon leaving office. Previous Presidents’ materials and collections remained in collections at their estates.
President Roosevelt hoped to make his papers and other items available to the public, however, while also keeping the entire collection in one … [ Read all ]
Posted by Jessie Kratz on October 6, 2015, under - Presidents, American Archives Month, National Archives History, National Archives Near You.
Tags: Eleanor Roosevelt, FDR, FDR Presidential Library
For this year’s American Archives Month, we’ve decided to highlight a lesser known role the National Archives plays in promoting democracy: the transition of Presidential records into Presidential Libraries.
During the month we’ll be sharing stories from staff who have been involved with Presidential records moves.
We’ll also highlight some of our 13 current libraries.
After the President leaves office—at noon on January 20—the Archivist of the United States takes legal and physical custody of the President’s records.
Staff at the National Archives work closely with the White House to safely and efficiently move Presidential records (and Vice Presidential records and artifacts) from the outgoing administration to a temporary storage facility near the site of the future Presidential library.
Franklin D. Roosevelt’s was the first to have a Presidential library.
In 1938 Roosevelt decided he wanted a library with all the records of his administration to be built with private funds. He also wanted it to be run by the National Archives.
Congress approved FDR’s plan, and his library opened in 1941.
Subsequent Presidents followed suit, on a voluntary basis, until the 1978 Presidential Records Act required that Presidential records are … [ Read all ]
Pope Francis’s visit this September marks the 10th time a Pope has visited the United States.
Since the Federal Government is heavily involved in a papal visit, and the National Archives holds the records of the Federal Government, we have documents related to all these events.
The first Pope to visit the United States was Pope Paul VI, who met with President Lyndon Johnson at the Waldorf Astoria hotel in New York City. This was Paul VI’s only visit to the United States.
Nearly 15 years passed before another papal visit. In 1979, Pope John Paul II came to the United States and became the first Pope to visit the White House. Pope John Paul II visited the United States a total seven of times.
Today’s post comes from Darlene McClurkin, from the National Archives Exhibits staff.
On September 2, 1945, in a formal ceremony aboard the USS Missouri in Tokyo Bay, Japan, representatives of the Japanese government signed this Instrument of Surrender, officially ending World War II.
The terms called for “the unconditional surrender to the Allied Powers of the Japanese Imperial General Headquarters and of all Japanese armed forces and all armed forces under Japanese control wherever situated.” However it also preserved the Japanese Imperial House.
Signing for Japan was Foreign Minister Mamoru Shigemitsu and General Yoshijiro Umezu, Chief of the Army General Staff.
General Douglas MacArthur, Commander in the Southwest Pacific, signed for the United States and accepted the surrender in his capacity as the Supreme Commander for the Allied Powers.
Fleet Admiral Chester Nimitz also signed for the United States.
Then representatives from eight other Allied nations signed, including the Republic of China, the United Kingdom, and the Soviet Union. The ceremony took less than 30 minutes.
After the Japanese Instrument of Surrender was presented to President Harry S. Truman at the White House on September 7, 1945, it was put on exhibit at the National Archives in Washington, D.C. … [ Read all ]
On April 12, 1965, a small group of people gathered at the triangular plot on Pennsylvania Avenue near the National Archives Building in Washington, DC.
They were family and close friends of President Franklin D. Roosevelt and were assembled to dedicate a memorial to the late President on the 20th anniversary of his death.
The memorial was very much unlike the current FDR Memorial on the tidal basin. It was—and still is—a small and simple block of marble made from the same quarry as the FDR’s gravestone at Hyde Park, NY. The memorial was paid for by private donations that were not made public (although their names are sealed into the base of the stone).
The modest design was intentional—on September 26, 1941, Roosevelt had told his friend Supreme Court Justice Felix Frankfurter:
… [ Read all ]
“If any memorial is erected to me, I know exactly what I should like it to be. I should like it to consist of a block about the size of this (putting his hand on his desk) and placed in the center of that green plot in front of the Archives Building. I don’t care what it is made of, whether limestone or granite or whatnot, but I want it plain without any ornamentation, with