Archive for '- World War I'
Today’s “What’s Cooking Wednesdays” guest post comes from Kimberlee Ried, public programs specialist at the National Archives in Kansas City.
Give me your tired, your poor,
Your huddled masses, yearning to breath free,
The wretched refuse of your teeming shore,
Send these, the homeless, tempest tossed,
I lift my lamp beside the golden door.
These words, written by Emma Lazarus, are inscribed on the tablet held by the Statue of Liberty, given as a gift to the United States from France in 1886. This iconic statue has symbolized patriotism and freedom often associated with the United States.
This “Be a Victory Canner” poster, found in the records of the National Archives at Kansas City, was created by a child during World War I. The drawing evokes similar patriotic undertones with the depiction of Lady Liberty as a Victory Canner.
The poster is found in the Records of the U.S. Food Administration, a short-lived federal agency created in 1917 as a part of the Food and Fuel Control Act. During World War I this agency was responsible for regulating the supply, distribution, and conservation of products for the Allies. Such items needed for conservation were fuel, wool, sugar, and wheat.
This “Be a Victory Canner” poster is one … [ Read all ]
Posted by Hilary on August 10, 2011, under - World War I, Uncategorized, Unusual documents, What's Cooking Wednesdays.
Tags: Emma Lazarus, Kimberlee Ried, poster contest, Statue of Liberty, U.S. Food Administration, Victory canner, What's Cooking Wednesdays, WWI
As the calendar turns to August and the summer heat sets in, no topic is hotter than the debt ceiling.
Congress has voted to increase the debt limit more than 100 times since it was first established. How did this get started? Part of the answer is in these nearly century-old posters.
To raise money for the costs of World War I, the Federal Government began issuing war bonds. When the first round was not as successful as hoped, artists were commissioned to make more compelling posters, and famous actors encouraged citizens to buy them. Purchasing war bonds came to be seen as a patriotic duty, and several more sets were issued during the war.
With the passage of the Second Liberty Bond Act in 1917, the Department of the Treasury began issuing long-term bonds in order to minimize the government’s interest costs. As a means of managing these new obligations, the legislation enacted a statutory limit on federal debt.
Legislation passed over the next two decades created similar limits for other types of government-issued debt, including the bills and the notes issued by the Treasury.
By 1939, Congress eliminated these separate limits and established one aggregate debt limit. The nation’s cumulative debt at the time was $40.4 billion, approximately 10% below the … [ Read all ]
Posted by Gregory Marose on August 1, 2011, under - World War I, - World War II, Uncategorized.
Tags: Congress, debt ceiling, debt limit, Second Liberty Bond Act, war bonds, world war i, World War II
Perhaps the most famous goatee in all of America belongs to Uncle Sam, the white-haired patriot who appeared in political cartoons in the late 1890s, on recruitment posters in both World Wars, and continues to appear on all kinds of products today.
And while facial hair fashions have changed drastically through the years since the Civil War, Uncle Sam’s long white goatee remains the same over the decades. Even in World War II, when clean-shaven faces were all the rage for GIs, this young woman was not deterred from a date with Uncle Sam and his flowing chin hair.
Whether you sport a chip-strap beard, a curly mustache, or a goatee, have a wonderful Fourth of July! If you are in Washington, DC, join us for a celebration on the steps of the National Archives Building to hear the Declaration of Independence read by John Adams, Benjamin Franklin, Thomas Jefferson, and Ned Hector. Then come inside and see the original!
Happy Birthday, Uncle Sam!… [ Read all ]
Posted by Hilary on July 1, 2011, under - Civil War, - World War I, - World War II, Facial Hair Fridays, Uncle Sam.
Tags: civil war, Fourth of July, goatee, Uncle Sam, world war i, World War II
Feeling the urge to plant a vegetable garden?
During World War I and World War II, citizens were encouraged to plant victory gardens as part of the war effort so that more food could be sent overseas to the troops. Even the White House had a Victory Garden at the urging of First Lady Eleanor Roosevelt.
Because many of these Victory Gardeners were city-dwellers, the government created posters, fliers, and handbooks to help these citizens make good use of their patches of soil.
Gardening clearly takes more than just common sense. In the Victory Garden Leader’s Handbook (below), a comic strip gives a dozen examples of problems that neophytes might encounter!
New gardeners were encouraged to plan ahead, but not start too soon, pick a good location, consider crop height, and not to waste soil or seed.
Despite these challenges, by 1945 about 40% of the nation’s vegetables came from these gardens.
In Boston, some of the 49 acres used as Victory Gardens across the city survived in the Fenway area as the Richard D. Parker Memorial Victory Gardens, which are still in use today.
Posted by Hilary on June 29, 2011, under - World War I, - World War II, Unusual documents, What's Cooking Wednesdays.
Tags: 1945, common sense, Eleanor Roosevelt, Fenway, gardens, Vicory Gardens, White House
“Do you know that the money spent in the United States for candy in one year is double the amount required to feed Belgium for one year?” This statement is not from a modern anti-obesity polemic, but rather from the World War I pamphlet A Sugar Program: Household Conservation Policy to Meet the Sugar Situation for the Summer of 1918.
Why was there a sugar situation? When the United States entered World War I, ships were needed to transport soldiers and supplies across the ocean. Since much of the U.S. supply of sugar was imported, the war interrupted the supply chain of sugar.
Ships crossing over to the United Kingdom with supplies also faced the dreaded German U-boats, which sank large numbers of the Allied merchant fleet when Germany declared unrestricted submarine warfare in 1917. This danger threatened to worsen the Allied food situation in Europe, which was already severe. The woman in the poster above is literally draining away resources that the Allies need to win the war.
To inform U.S. citizens on … [ Read all ]
Posted by Hilary on June 22, 2011, under - World War I, Recipes, What's Cooking Wednesdays.
Tags: Allied troops, Belgium, blockade, candy, conservation, herbert hoover, rations, submarines, sugar problem, U-boats, unrestriced submarine warfare, USFA, woodrow wilson, world war i