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The must-have Christmas gift of 1776

Washington Crossing the Delaware (66-G-15D)

Washington Crossing the Delaware (66-G-15D)

In 1864, Savannah, Georgia, was offered to Abraham Lincoln as a Christmas present. But in 1776, George Washington delivered one of the greatest gifts in American history: the United States.

Winter was a bad season for Washington. His Continental Army had been driven out of New York, and then it was driven out of New Jersey, leaving just a few thousand men shivering on the far side of the Delaware River in Pennsylvania, while the British made camp in New Jersey.

The Continental Army was desperate for a victory. Many men had left the military after finishing their enlistments. Others were low on morale after the series of bitter defeats. Santa, it appeared, was siding with the British forces.

On December 25, George Washington ordered the few thousand men at his disposal to cross the Delaware River. Ice flowed down its waters–further downstream a unit that was supposed to join him couldn’t cross because of the ice flow–but Washington forced his men across, and was one of the first to land on the shores of British-occupied New Jersey.

Through the cold night air and sleet and snow, his men marched another nine miles, and then in a few quick maneuvers, launched a surprise attack against the Hessian forces encamped at Trenton. He took a thousand soldiers prisoner. He killed over 20 and injured almost a hundred. Only two of Washington’s soldiers were killed (another man, future President James Monroe, was also injured in the attack).

The men moved back across the Delaware, lugging their artillery and plunder, and settled back in Pennsylvania as victors. It was December 26.

Trenton was not a strategic win, but it was a psychological one. Recruitment increased. So did morale. For the first time in months it appeared that America would win its independence.

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Comments

Comment from Pat Ehrenreich
Time December 23, 2010 at 6:27 pm

We recently visited Washington’s home, Mount Vernon, for the first time in many years. While it was always interesting to visit the house an out buildings, they now have a new visitior’s center and education center that make it an ever better experience. There are several short films not to be missed in the education center. One is about the crossing. The surround sound is an added bonus. Best of all, was the cold and snow actually falling on the patrons in the theater. Great sensory experience! Mount Vernon is just south of Washington DC and a must see for anyone visiting the area.

Comment from J falk
Time December 23, 2010 at 8:49 pm

The founding of America and all its politics have always been a passion of mine. From George Washington through Abraham Lincoln encompasses the majority of my interest. Awsome!