President Franklin D. Roosevelt signed legislation establishing the National Archives as an independent agency on June 19, 1934, which is our agency’s official “birthday.” But, we also celebrate April 1, 1985, as our “other birthday.” Why? Read on.
Although the National Archives was created as an independent agency, Congress transferred it to the newly created General Services Administration (GSA) in 1949. And the National Archives became the National Archives and Records Service (NARS).
The National Archives and GSA did not have compatible missions—the National Archives stored and preserved Federal government records of enduring value, and advocated for scholarly research of those records. GSA was created to streamline the administrative functions of government, and manage public buildings and property.
From the very beginning the historical and archival communities questioned the wisdom of placing our nation’s documentary heritage in the hands of those who are also, as one Senator put it, “the custodian of washrooms, storerooms, and workrooms.”
The National Archives struggled during its GSA years. Worse yet, historical records were jeopardized—the people in charge of making decisions about our nation’s most precious documents had no experience in history or archives whatsoever. Moreover, archival decision-making became more politicized, putting the historical record at risk.
Throughout the GSA years the archival and historical … [ Read all ]
Today’s post comes from Jessie Kratz, Historian of the National Archives.
In honor of Women’s History Month, I want to celebrate one of our most cherished former employees—Sara Dunlap Jackson. After I was appointed Historian last year, numerous local historians approached me to say that I just had to research Sara Dunlap Jackson because she was so important to the history of the agency.
Sara Dunlap Jackson was born in Columbia, South Carolina, in 1919. After earning her B.A. in sociology, and a brief stint as a high school teacher, Jackson moved to Washington, DC. She began her 46-year-long career at the National Archives in 1944 as an archives assistant in the Military Archives Division. According to Jackson, the Archives offered her the job because she had been working in the War Department, and the Archives thought this meant she knew something about military history.
In reality, Jackson knew little about military history at that time, but by spending countless hours in the stacks and answering numerous reference requests she became the go-to person for anyone researching military records in the National Archives. Researchers reported how she went the “extra mile,” how her kindness and advice “mothered” many historians, and how she dedicated her entire career to helping others. To many, Jackson was the National Archives.
Posted by Alex Nieuwsma on March 19, 2015, under National Archives History, Uncategorized.
Tags: archives, Archivist, Ira Berlin, military records, Sara Dunlap Jackson, WHM2015, women, Women's History Month
What a year! Here’s some of the highlights of the last 12 months of the National Archives that we shared on our blog. Thanks for reading in 2014–we’ll see you in 2015 with more pieces of history!
The National Archives turned 80
- The Historian of the National Archives, Jessie Kratz, shared the stories of an agency devoted to saving the stories of the United States. She wrote about the creation of the building, what our website looked like 20 years ago, and looked at the scary conditions that records were kept in before the creation of the National Archives. We also learned about the staff who first worked here, and archivist Alan Walker solved the mystery of the acetate foil lady.
We The Poets
- For American Archives Month, the National Archives teamed up with the Academy of American Poets. We published original poems inspired by the holdings of the National Archives. Poets looked at documents and photographs and then wrote on a wide range of topics, from “A Carpapalooza: An American Anthem” to “Much Tattooed Sailor Aboard USS New Jersey.” You can watch the all poets recite their work on our YouTube
We’re excited to participate in #AskAnArchivist on October 30! Archivists from our locations across the nation are ready to answer your questions on Twitter tomorrow.
We have archivists that concentrate on the history of the National Archives, work with audiovisual materials, declassify documents, textual reference, Presidential materials and more.
This is your chance to find out how archivists came to have these jobs, what they like or dislike, and what they do! No question is too serious or too silly–so find out about FOIA or learn about the invention of the Beach Cart.
The schedule is below, but feel free to tweet us questions ahead of time!
8:30 a.m. to 5 p.m. ET
Got a question for our Presidential libraries? Tweet a question to
@FDRLibrary, 10-11 am ET
@LBJLibrary, noon to 5 pm ET
@carterlibrary 8:30 am-12:30 pm and 1-3 pm ET
@WJCLibrary 9 am-noon CST
@bush41library 10-11 am CST
Schedule for @usnatarchives
8:30-9 am ET, Steve Greene
Steve Greene is an Archivist and the Special Media Holdings Coordinator for the Office of Presidential Libraries since 2010. Before that, Steve was the AV Archivist for the Nixon Presidential Library. Steve has worked with the Preservation, Processing and Reference Service on Stills, Sound Recordings and … [ Read all ]
Join us on Thursday, April 3, from 9:30 to 4 pm at the National Archives Building in Washington, DC for an all-day Archives Fair! Enter through the Special Events Entrance on 7th St. and Constitution Ave. The DC Caucus of MARAC and the National Archives Assembly are co-hosting this all-day Archives Fair. Archives-related groups and will be using the area outside the McGowan Theater as an exhibit hall.
You can watch our panel discussion online.
8:30-9:30 a.m. Coffee Hour & Exhibit Hall
9:30-10 a.m. Welcome and Introduction by the Archivist of the United States
10:00-11:30 a.m. Panel Discussion: Crowdsourcing for Enhanced Archival Access
- Elissa Frankle, moderator (US Holocaust Memorial Museum)
- Helena Zinkham (Library of Congress)
- Ching-Hsien Wang (Smithsonian)
- Meredith Stewart (National Archives)
11:30-1 p.m. Lunch & Exhibit Hall
1-2:30 p.m. Panel Discussion: Monuments Men Archives
- Barbara Aikens (Smithsonian)
- Dr. Greg Bradsher (National Archives)
- Maygene Daniels (National Gallery of Art Archives)
2:30-2:45 p.m. Break and Exhibit Hall
2:45-3:15 p.m. National Archival Authorities Cooperative (NAAC)
- John Martinez (National Archives)
- Jerry Simmons (National Archives)
3:15-3:45 p.m. Donations Partnership Database
- Dawn Sherman-Falls (National Archives)
- Meg Ryan Guthorn (National Archives)
3:45-4 p.m. Closing Remarks and Exhibit Hall