Today’s post comes from Emily Niekrasz, an intern in the National Archives History Office in Washington, DC.
At the Lyndon Baines Johnson Presidential Library dedication on May 22, 1971, President Johnson proclaimed, “We have papers from my four decades of public service in one place for friend and foe to judge, to approve or disapprove.”
Only two and a half years after he left office, President Johnson’s library and museum opened for students and researchers. What facilitated this quick transition from Presidential office to Presidential library?
More like “who.”
Soon after President Johnson’s landslide victory in 1964, Lady Bird Johnson began planning the early foundations of a Presidential library.
When a reporter asked President Johnson if anyone in his family was involved in the planning, the President responded, “I did not have to designate anyone. Mrs. Johnson appointed herself.”
Within weeks of President Johnson’s victory, the First Lady had already solidified a location for the library.
By simply mentioning to William H. Heath, chair of the Board of Regents at the University of Texas at Austin, that she and the President were considering potential sites for a Presidential library, she was … [ Read all ]
Posted by Jessie Kratz on October 23, 2015, under - Presidents, American Archives Month, National Archives History, National Archives Near You, The 1970s.
Tags: Johnson Presidential Library, Lady Bird, Lady Bird Johnson, LBJ, Lyndon B. Johnson, Lyndon B. Johnson Presidential Library and Museum
Need a vacation? This summer, go on a vacation with 13 of our Presidents! You can choose your own adventure on Instagram and chat with us on Twitter on August 19 using #POTUSvacation.
Vacations are an integral part of Presidential history, a way for Presidents to relax and recharge outside of Washington. Many of the iconic images that we associate with Presidents were taken while on retreats from the White House.
The tradition of a summer White House dates back to the beginning of the Presidency, and several of our Commanders in Chief have had dedicated family retreats. These retreats have been a place to recuperate, spend time with family, … [ Read all ]
Posted by Hilary on August 11, 2015, under Uncategorized.
Tags: amphicar, Boca Chica, Cape Cod, Crawford, Eisenhower, Eunice Kennedy Shriver, FDR, Franklin Roosevelt, George Bush, George W. Bush, Harry S. Truman, Hoover, Hyannis Port, Idaho, Jimmy Carter, John F. Kennedy, Kennebunkport, Key West, LBJ, Lyndon B. Johnson, Maine, Mamie Eisenhower, Martha's Vineyard, Nancy Reagan, Rancho Del Cielo, Richard Nixon, Ronald Reagan, Salmon river, Scrabble, texas, Walker's Point, william clinton
Today’s guest post comes from Susan Donius, Director of the Office of Presidential Libraries at the National Archives. This post originally appeared on the White House blog.
The President of the United States must be ready to travel anywhere in the world on a moment’s notice. Fortunately, modern Presidents have access to a variety of transportation options, including flying aboard Air Force One. Strictly speaking, the term “Air Force One” is used to describe any Air Force aircraft when the President is on board, but since the middle of the 20th century, it has been standard practice to use the title to refer to specific planes that are equipped to transport the Commander-in-Chief.
Franklin D. Roosevelt was the first sitting President to fly on an airplane when, in January 1943, he traveled aboard a Boeing 314 Clipper Ship called the Dixie Clipper to attend the Casablanca Conference in Morocco. Two years later, Roosevelt again flew abroad, this time aboard a converted military plane dubbed the Sacred Cow, to join Winston Churchill and Joseph Stalin at the Yalta Conference. The Sacred Cow did not have a pressurized cabin, so when it flew at high altitudes, oxygen masks were necessary for everyone on board. The plane was also equipped with an elevator that could accommodate President Roosevelt and his wheelchair for boarding and disembarking.
The … [ Read all ]
Posted by socialmedia on August 19, 2014, under - Presidents, Uncategorized.
Tags: Air Force One, Bush, Clinton, Eisenhower, FDR, Ford, JFK, LBJ, national archives, Nixon, Presidential Transportation, Presidents
Today’s post comes from Darlene McClurkin, National Archives Exhibits staff member.
This year marks the 50th anniversary of the Gulf of Tonkin Resolution. The original resolution is on display in the East Rotunda Gallery of the National Archives Building from July 15 to August 7, 2014.
Fifty years ago, the Gulf of Tonkin Resolution marked a major turning point in the Cold War struggle for Southeast Asia. Passage of the resolution gave President Lyndon B. Johnson authority to expand the scope of U.S. involvement in Vietnam without a declaration of war.
By 1964, Vietnam had been torn by international and civil war for decades. U.S. military support for South Vietnam had grown to some 15,000 military advisers, while the North received military and financial aid from China and the Soviet Union.
In a late-night televised address on August 4, 1964, President Johnson announced that he had ordered retaliatory air strikes on the North Vietnamese in response to reports of their attacks earlier on U.S. Navy ships in the Gulf of Tonkin.
He then asked Congress to pass a resolution stressing that “our … [ Read all ]
Today’s post comes from David Steinbach, intern in the National Archives History Office.
On July 2, 1964, with Martin Luther King, Jr., directly behind him, President Lyndon Johnson scrawled his signature on a document years in the making—the Civil Rights Act of 1964.
This year marks the 50th anniversary of the landmark legislation.
The first and the signature pages of the act will be on display at the National Archives Rubenstein Gallery in Washington, DC, until September 17, 2014. These 50-year-old sheets of paper represent years of struggle and society’s journey toward justice.
The most comprehensive civil rights legislation since the Reconstruction era, the Civil Right Act finally gave the Federal Government the means to enforce the promises of the 13th, 14th, and 15th Amendments. The act prohibited discrimination in public places, allowed the integration of public facilities and schools, and forbade discrimination in employment.
But such a landmark congressional enactment was by no means achieved easily. Indeed, developments within the civil rights movement were critical in motivating the bill’s movement through Congress. The push for legislation accelerated in May 1963, when nightly news broadcasts displayed footage of Eugene “Bull” Connor cracking down on demonstrations in Birmingham, Alabama.
In this atmosphere, President … [ Read all ]
Posted by Jessie Kratz on June 30, 2014, under - The 1960s, News and Events, Pennsylvania Avenue, U.S. House, U.S. Senate.
Tags: Civil Rights Act, JFK, LBJ, National Archives Museum, Rubenstein Gallery