Today’s blog post comes from archives specialist Jackie Budell.
On May 22, 1863, the War Department issued General Orders 143, establishing a Bureau of Colored Troops in the Adjutant General’s Office to recruit and organize African American soldiers to fight for the Union Army. With this order, all African American regiments were designated as United States Colored Troops (USCT).
Today marks the 150th anniversary of the USCT, and the National Archives is pleased to announce the completion of the USCT Service Records Digitization Project. In partnership with Fold3, the project provides online access to all service records—more than 3.8 million images—of Union volunteers in USCT units.
Compiled military service records (CMSRs) are part of Record Group 94, the Records of the Adjutant General’s Office. They contain card abstracts of entries related to an individual soldier such as muster rolls and regimental returns.
Many CMSRs also contain original documents called “personal papers,” which are especially valuable to researchers looking for documentation on former slaves. These papers include enlistment papers, correspondence, orders, prisoner-of-war memorandums, casualty reports, or final statements. Unique to the records of the USCT are deeds of manumission, proofs of slave ownership, … [ Read all ]
Posted by Hilary on May 22, 2013, under - Civil War, Rare Photos, Unusual documents.
Tags: andrew johnson, Bureau of Colored Troops, digitization, Edmund Delaney, fold3, Fortune Wright, genealogy, hanging, Harvey C. Graves, kentucky, Louisiana, manumission, murder, Record Groud 94, self defense, slavery, trial, United States Colored Troops, USCT, war Department