Tag: White House
Today in 1886, former President Chester A. Arthur died from complications from Bright’s disease. He had not been relected for second term, and he had left office in 1884. He died in New York City, just 56 years old.
Although he sported the facial hair style of the time, Arthur was an unlikely President. He ascended to the office in September 1885 when President James Garfield died three months after being shot.
Arthur did have strong administrative experience with the Federal Government, having worked as quartermaster general in the New York Volunteers during the Civil War. He arranged provisions and housing for hundreds of thousands of soldiers, making a reputation for himself as an excellent administrator.
But Arthur was a crony of Roscoe Conkling, a New York Republican Party boss and U.S. Senator who was well known for using patronage and party connections to gain power. When Arthur was appointed Collector of the Port of New York by President Grant, he supported the political machine of ”Boss Conkling” by collecting salary kickbacks. He also augmented his $12,000 yearly salary to $50,000 by sharing in fines that Customs collected on undervalued imports.
When President Rutherford B. Hayes came into office, he began to dismantle Boss Conkling’s empire, and Arthur lost his job. Because Hayes had declared he would be a one-term President, the 1880 contest was wide open. Arthur was … [ Read all ]
Posted by Hilary on November 18, 2011, under Facial Hair Fridays.
Tags: assasination, Bright's disease, Chester A. Arthur, civil war, Conkling, Customs House, Elizabeth Jennings, Garfield, Grant, kickbacks, lawyers, Republicans, St. John's church, tariffs, White House
Only 43 men in the history of the United States have held the title of President.
That’s a fairly small group , smaller than your average NFL team. But smaller still is the group of professionals who have held the title as the President’s chief photographer. To date, only nine men have served as the official White House Photographer.
President John F. Kennedy first appointed photographer Cecil Stoughton in 1960 in the role of White House Photographer. In the nearly 50 years following that first appointment, Presidential photographers have served as visual historians of the President’s daily life.
These photographers captured rare glimpses inside the White House and the historic moments of the Presidents they served. In addition to iconic images that enter the public’s memory of the President, private moments are captured as well.
On October 21, 2011, the Truman Library and Museum in Independence, MO, is excited to share the works of these photographers with the exhibition “The President’s Photographer: Fifty Years Inside the Oval Office.”
The exhibit displays images from the 1960s, when the first Presidential photographer was hired, to today’s unprecedented coverage of Barack Obama. The National Geographic exhibition features works by veteran presidential photographers including David Hume (who photographed Gerald Ford), David Valdez (George H.W. Bush), Bob McNeely (Bill Clinton), and Eric Draper (George W. Bush).
This tradition continues today as the 44th President’s chief … [ Read all ]
Posted by Victoria on October 25, 2011, under - Presidents, - The 1960s, News and Events.
Tags: Bob McNeely, David Hume, David Valdez, Eric Draper, exhibits, John F. Kennedy, Lyndon Johnson, missouri, Oval Office, Pete Souza, photograkers, photography, presidential libraries, presidential photographer, Truman Library, Truman Library and Museum, White House, White House Photographer
Feeling the urge to plant a vegetable garden?
During World War I and World War II, citizens were encouraged to plant victory gardens as part of the war effort so that more food could be sent overseas to the troops. Even the White House had a Victory Garden at the urging of First Lady Eleanor Roosevelt.
Because many of these Victory Gardeners were city-dwellers, the government created posters, fliers, and handbooks to help these citizens make good use of their patches of soil.
Gardening clearly takes more than just common sense. In the Victory Garden Leader’s Handbook (below), a comic strip gives a dozen examples of problems that neophytes might encounter!
New gardeners were encouraged to plan ahead, but not start too soon, pick a good location, consider crop height, and not to waste soil or seed.
Despite these challenges, by 1945 about 40% of the nation’s vegetables came from these gardens.
In Boston, some of the 49 acres used as Victory Gardens across the city survived in the Fenway area as the Richard D. Parker Memorial Victory Gardens, which are still in use today.
The National Archives in Seattle found these tips in a Victory Garden Leader’s Handbook—and they are still (mostly!) valid. Check back in August, and we’ll have some suggestions for ways to preserve your bounty!… [ Read all ]
Posted by Hilary on June 29, 2011, under - World War I, - World War II, Unusual documents, What's Cooking Wednesdays.
Tags: 1945, common sense, Eleanor Roosevelt, Fenway, gardens, Vicory Gardens, White House
Earlier today, I was searching for images with “bicycles” to create a Facebook album after being inspired by the commuters of DC, who took to the streets on their bikes to celebrate DC Bike to Work Day.
I was thrilled to see this image, which is not only a fine example of a nineteenth-century velocipede, but is also a tandem bicycle for double the old-timey fun. And not only that, but this gentleman has a fine moustache and sideburns, qualifying him to be featured in Facial Hair Friday.
But the burning question is this: Are these two on a date?
After all, what better way to spend time out in public with your sweetheart in a way that met the high moral standing of the day?
If they are, I am impressed. They are both have corsages to pinned to their coats and have on stylish hats. The woman is wearing gloves and a fitted corset with many, many tiny buttons. The man’s facial hair is neat and tidy, unlike the flowing beards and neards that we often see. They are impeccably groomed, a fact noted in the original caption to this photo which refers to them as a “smartly dressed couple.”
And despite operating a four-wheeled bicycle together using their feet and their hands, neither of them seems sweaty or flustered. If it is … [ Read all ]
Today’s guest post comes from David Coleman, associate professor at the University of Virginia and Chair of the Presidential Recordings Program at the Miller Center of Public Affairs.
On April 28, W.W. Norton will publish volumes 7 and 8 in the Miller Center’s Presidential Recordings of Lyndon B. Johnson series. (The original tapes are in the holdings of the LBJ Presidential Library and Museum.) The volumes, which span June through July 4, 1964, were edited by Guian McKee, Kent Germany, and David Carter.
At 7 p.m. on Thursday, April 28, the National Archives will host Dave Coleman, the editors, and Pulitzer Prize–winning author Taylor Branch to discuss these latest books.
“That’s a good bill, and there’s no reason why you ought to keep a majority from beating it. If you can beat it, go on and beat it, but you oughtn’t to hold it up. You ought to give me a fair shake and give me a chance to vote on it.”
—LBJ to House Minority Leader Charles Halleck, 6:24 p.m., June 22, 1964
Behind-the-scenes discussions between the White House and Capitol Hill can be an essential piece of the puzzle in understanding how and why legislation was passed, rejected, or changed, or even a government shutdown averted. But they’re typically obscured from public view.
It’s easy enough to imagine what might have been
Posted by Hilary on April 26, 2011, under - Civil Rights, - Cold War, - Presidents, - Spies and Espionage, - The 1960s.
Tags: David Coleman, debt ceiling, JFK, LBJ, Miller Center, President Johnson, secret tapes, White House