Tag: World War II
This morning in Dallas, TX, the Archivist of the United States David S. Ferriero, Senior Archivist Greg Bradsher, and President of the Monuments Men Foundation Robert M. Edsel announced the discovery of two original albums of photographs of paintings and furniture looted by the Nazis.
The Monuments Men Foundation will donate these albums, which have been in private hands since the end of World War II, to the National Archives.
These albums were created by a special Nazi task force, the Einsatzstab Reichsleiter Rosenberg (ERR), to document the systematic looting of Europe by Adolf Hitler and the Nazis. The ERR was the main Nazi agency engaged in the theft of cultural treasures in Nazi-occupied countries.
“The Foundation often receives calls from veterans and their heirs, who don’t know the importance of items they may have picked up during their service, or aren’t aware that anyone is looking for the items,” Edsel said. “These albums are just the tip of the iceberg for hundreds of thousands of cultural items still missing since World War II.”
In the closing days of World War II, U.S. soldiers entered Adolf Hitler’s home in the Bavarian Alps. Many picked up souvenirs to prove they had been inside the Berghof.
Cpl. Albert Lorenzetti (989th … [ Read all ]
Posted by Hilary on March 27, 2012, under - World War II, News and Events, preservation, Rare Photos.
Tags: 989th Field Artillery Battalion, art, Berchtesgaden, Girl with Two Doves, hitler, Jean-Honoré Fragonard, Monuments Men, Nazis, Nuremberg, Robert Edsel, Rothschild, stolen art, World War II, WWII
Keith Hill passed away yesterday at the age of 87. He was president of the Navajo Code Talkers Association and Congressional Silver Medal recipient. At 17, he joined the Navajo Code Talkers, a group of men who used their Native American language to communicate and coordinate the movements of Marines in the Pacific Theater during World War II. Hill started with the U .S. Marine Corps in December of 1943, and he fought at the Marshall Islands, Sai Pan, and Iwo Jima. Over 400 over Navajo Code Talkers also served.
Encryption could be a complicated and time-consuming task. A quicker and more secure means was needed.
Philip Johnston, the son of a missionary, had presented the idea of Navajo speakers to the Marines. He was a World War I vet who knew that the military was looking for a quick and secure way to send messages. Using speakers of a language that few outsiders ever heard—and that fewer than 30 outsiders spoke—seemed like a plausible solution.
Why Navajos? There were very, very few speakers of the Navajo language outside the tribe, with exception of a limited number of scholars and missionaries (Johnston estimated 28 people), so it was unlikely anyone else would recognize the langauge and be able to translate it. Even among other Indian tribals, the language was considered different.… [ Read all ]
Posted by Hilary on January 5, 2012, under - World War II.
Tags: 1943, Adam Jevec, Amphibious Corps, code, Code Talkers, Encryption, Fort Wingate, General Vogel, Iwo Jima, Japanese, Marine, Navajo, Navajo code Talkers, NM, Pacific, Pacific Fleet, Philip Johnston, secret code, US Marine Corps, World War II, WWII
As the calendar turns to August and the summer heat sets in, no topic is hotter than the debt ceiling.
Congress has voted to increase the debt limit more than 100 times since it was first established. How did this get started? Part of the answer is in these nearly century-old posters.
To raise money for the costs of World War I, the Federal Government began issuing war bonds. When the first round was not as successful as hoped, artists were commissioned to make more compelling posters, and famous actors encouraged citizens to buy them. Purchasing war bonds came to be seen as a patriotic duty, and several more sets were issued during the war.
With the passage of the Second Liberty Bond Act in 1917, the Department of the Treasury began issuing long-term bonds in order to minimize the government’s interest costs. As a means of managing these new obligations, the legislation enacted a statutory limit on federal debt.
Legislation passed over the next two decades created similar limits for other types of government-issued debt, including the bills and the notes issued by the Treasury.
By 1939, Congress eliminated these separate limits and established one aggregate debt limit. The nation’s cumulative debt at the time was $40.4 billion, approximately 10% below the … [ Read all ]
Posted by Gregory Marose on August 1, 2011, under - World War I, - World War II, Uncategorized.
Tags: Congress, debt ceiling, debt limit, Second Liberty Bond Act, war bonds, world war i, World War II
Perhaps the most famous goatee in all of America belongs to Uncle Sam, the white-haired patriot who appeared in political cartoons in the late 1890s, on recruitment posters in both World Wars, and continues to appear on all kinds of products today.
And while facial hair fashions have changed drastically through the years since the Civil War, Uncle Sam’s long white goatee remains the same over the decades. Even in World War II, when clean-shaven faces were all the rage for GIs, this young woman was not deterred from a date with Uncle Sam and his flowing chin hair.
Whether you sport a chip-strap beard, a curly mustache, or a goatee, have a wonderful Fourth of July! If you are in Washington, DC, join us for a celebration on the steps of the National Archives Building to hear the Declaration of Independence read by John Adams, Benjamin Franklin, Thomas Jefferson, and Ned Hector. Then come inside and see the original!
Happy Birthday, Uncle Sam!… [ Read all ]
Posted by Hilary on July 1, 2011, under - Civil War, - World War I, - World War II, Facial Hair Fridays, Uncle Sam.
Tags: civil war, Fourth of July, goatee, Uncle Sam, world war i, World War II
Congratulations to Dave M! Our guest judge Lynn Bassanese of the Roosevelt Presidential Library chose your caption, as FDR “was a real Navy man and enjoyed an occasional cocktail so we think he would approve of our choice.”
It’s unlikely President Roosevelt would have enjoyed the wartime cocktail being ladled out, though. The original caption declares: “Saturday’s a holiday for most of the nation’s small fry, but to these youngsters of Roanoke, Va., it’s fat-collection day” (NLR-PHOCO-A-65701 ).
Since today is St. Patrick’s Day, some of our readers may have plans for a green beer tonight. This week’s caption is about drinking, too—use your gift o’gab and give us your best caption!
Posted by Hilary on March 17, 2011, under - World War II, Photo Caption Contest, Uncategorized.
Tags: american history, National archives and records administration, old photos, Photo Caption Contest, Roosevelt Library, weird photos, World War II